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Eugenics 1901-30 Timeline

[The materials are mainly drawn from Kevles 1985, chh. 2-8, Sheila Weiss's chapter 2, and W.H.Schneider's chapter 3 of The Wellborn Science (ed. by Mark B. Adams); arranged by S. Uchii.]

See also Eugenics becomes popular.


Eugenics Timeline, 1901-1930

@
Britain
USA
Other
1900
Mendelian Laws of genetics, rediscovered
1901 @ @ @
1902 Biometrika @ @
1903 @ @ Schallmayer, Vererbung und Auslese im Lebenslauf der Voelker
1904 @ Davenport, Biological Research Station, Cold Spring Harbor

Binet-Simon intelligence test

Ploetz in Germany founded Archiv fuer Rassen-und Gessellschaftsbiologie

1905 @ @ Ploetz founded Gesellschaft fuer Rassenhygiene
1906 @ @ @
1907 Eugenics Education Society (later, Eugenics Society, 1926) State Sterilization Law, Indiana, and 15 states follow until 1917 Internationale Gessellschaft fuer Rassenhygiene
1908 @ Goddard introduced Binet-Simon test into USA @
1909 Eugenics Review @ @
1910 @ Davenport, Eugenics Record Office, Cold Spring Harbor @
1911

Galton died

Pearson, Galton Eugenics Professor

Davenport, Heredity in Relation to Eugenics @
1912

1st International Eugenics Congress, in London

The Treasury of Human Inheritance

@ French Eugenics Society
1913 Mental-Deficiency Act @ Deutsche Gessellschaft fuer Rassenhygiene
1914
World War I began
1915 @ @ @
1916 @

Terman's revision of Binet-Simon test at Stanford; "I.Q." introduced

Eugenical News

@
1917 @ Army testing program (headed by R. Yerkes) @
1918
World War I ended (November)
1919 After the war, Haldane, (Julian) Huxley, and Hogben began the anti-mainline assault against eugenics. H.S.Jennings (in USA) later joined the British colleagues in the anti-mainline assault. C.Richet, La Selection Humaine
1920 @

The Fitter Families contests began

Laughlin (Eugenic Record Office) got involved in the House Committee on Immigration

"social hygiene" became dominant in French eugenics
1921 @

Emergency Restriction Act (for Immigration)

National Academy of Sciences, Psychological Examining in the United States Army

@
1922 @ @ Margaret Sanger visited Japan
1923 @ American Eugenics Society

Fritz Lenz, chair of Rassenhygiene in Munich

Lenz, Grundriss der Menschliche Erblichkeitslehre und Rassenhygiene (with Erwin Bauer and Eugen Fischer)

1924 @

Immigration Act

Sterilization Law in Virginia, and Buck vs. Bell Case began (eventually the Supreme Court upheld the Law in 1927)

@
1925 Annales of Eugenics @ @
1926 @ @ Deutscher Bund fuer Volksaufartung und Erbkunde
1927 @ @ Kaiser Wilhelm Institut fuer Anthoropologie, menschliche Erblehre und Eugenik
1928 @ @ @
1929
The Great Depression began (October)
1930 @ @

Eugenik (by Deutscher Bund)

Pope Pius XI "Encyclical Letter on Christian Marriage"

(incomplete)


Mark B. Adams, ed., The Wellborn Science: Eugenics in Germany, France, Brazil, and Russia, Oxford University Press, 1990.@iMwruDƦwvjxAőFA΋A1998j

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Last modified December 6, 1999. (c) Soshichi Uchii

suchii@bun.kyoto-u.ac.jp

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